What is the future of the planet? What are its components?

 What is the future of the planet? What are its components?

What is the future of the planet?

Earth is one of the most famous planets in the solar system, it is the only planet that repairs life on its earth, and it contains millions of organisms, so we will talk in this article about the PORTO STATION About the future of the planet, and given all the characteristics and advantages of that planet, many scientists are conducting many studies on different things that will later affect the future of the Earth.

What are the components of the planet?

Studies conducted by scientists have shown that the planet consists of several basic things, which maintain balance and life within it, including:

First: Outer shell (earth's crust)

It is the first rocky layer that surrounds the planet, settled by most living organisms, and divided into:

  • Continental crust: The crust that represents land, characterized by its large thickness and low density, consists of only rocks, such as granite rocks.
  • Oceanic crust: The crust that represents water on the planet's surface, is high in density and little thickness, consisting of basalt and Gabor.

This layer accounts for only 1% of the size of the planet, and its temperature varies according to the temperature of the surrounding air, the deepest part of which may reach 870 degrees celsius.

Second: Curtain (scarf)

  • Located under the Sima layer, this layer is the second and largest layer of the earth, consisting of silicate rocks such as paroxetine, magnesium oxide, and garnet, and minerals such as sodium, iron, and calcium.
  • This layer accounts for only 84% of the size of the planet, maybe 2,896.82 km thick, at the top of 1,000 degrees, and at the bottom, it reaches 3,700 degrees Celsius.

Third: Outer pulp:

  • This pulp represents the third layer of the earth's layers, a sticky layer up to 2,300 km thick, with a density ranging from 9,900 to 12,200 kg.
  • It often consists of several light elements such as nickel and iron, and its temperature at the bottom may reach 4,030 degrees.
  • At the top, it reaches 5,730 degrees, and one of the highlights is that it is the main layer responsible for gravity.

Fourth: Inner Pulp

  • This pulp represents the last layer of the Earth's layers, and does not constitute more than 20% of the size of the planet, it takes the form of a solid metal ball consisting of nickel and iron, while the temperature rises more than 6,000 times the temperature of the atmosphere, i.e. equivalent to the temperature of the sun.

What are the components of the planet's atmosphere?

The atmosphere represents the outer range that surrounds the Planet and greatly affects its trajectory, is characterized by its permanent movement and the enormous weight of five million tons, and contains many gases such as oxygen at 21%, carbon dioxide at 0.023%, and its composition consists of 5 main layers, as follows:

First: Troposphere)

  • is the first layer of Atmospheric layers and the closest layers of the surface where it rises by only 7-15 km, besides it includes the bulk of the cover, which is estimated at 75% or 80%, while its thickness increases at the poles, while at the Equator.

Second: Stratosphere)

It is the second layer directly above the troposphere, characterized by its high temperature and its ability to absorb a few parts of the sun's rays in order to protect the Earth from UV rays, which are divided into two parts:

  • The Stratopause stratopause stratopause layer features the upper part of that layer.
  • Tropopause, which extends up to 50 km, covers the lower part of that layer and contains a large proportion of ozone gas.

Third: Mesosphere)

  • Is the third layer located above the stratosphere, and is characterized by the only cold layer between Atmospheric layers temperature is clearly low at the top of it, known as Mesopause, and acts as a meteor shield that burns directly when it enters that range.

Fourth: Thermosphere)

  • It is the fourth layer above the mesosphere layer and is characterized by a high temperature of up to 2000 degrees, due to its extension to an altitude of 600 km.

Fifth: Exosphere)

  • It is the upper and last layer of the atmosphere, in which the force of gravity is reduced, due to its proximity to outer space.

What is the future of the planet?

Scientists have issued numerous explanations for the future of the planet and the events that may occur on it that will affect its composition and structure, and based their interpretations on some influences, including increased sun glow, chemistry on the Earth's surface, and new objects introduced by the man on Earth, and according to those effects scientists concluded that the following occurred:

First: The glow of the sun

Scientists have concluded that the proportion of solar radiation received by The Earth will increase in the future of the planet over the next 4 billion years, as a result of the significant increase in the sun's glow:

  • After 600 million years, the level of carbon dioxide will break and decrease very significantly, which will affect the life of plants and thus come the end of most animals on Earth, so scientists advise planting and preserving many plants.
  • One billion years later, the oceans and seas will begin to evaporate as the atmosphere turns into a so-called wet greenhouse, as a result of an increase in the sun's brightness of more than 10%.
  • Four billion years later, global warming will occur and temperatures will increase dramatically until all creatures on earth become extinct as a result of melting.

Second: Evaporation of the oceans

  • Scientists have concluded that after 1 billion years, 27% of the oceans will evaporate as a result of the spread of greenhouse moisture in the atmosphere.

Third: Red Giant

  • Scientists have concluded that the sun will shift from burning hydrogen at its center to burning it around its atmosphere, and as a result, there will be a disturbance in the outer atmosphere and the Earth's atmosphere will shrink.

What are the negative human effects on the planet?

Scientists have acknowledged that man is one of the main causes that will affect the planet, because of the following:

  • Population growth: affecting the number of natural resources consumed on land.
  • Technological advances: Human beings continue to use technology without taking into account the negative effects that may occur.
  • Soil: The wrong agricultural methods used by humans have had the greatest impact on soil destruction and loss.
  • Continuous harvesting: It is intended to harvest forests, resulting in the loss of a large number of forests and animals.
  • Energy flow: Human-produced residues from various industries and nuclear plants have caused thermal pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, affecting the Earth.
  • Pollution: This is the result of various human activities affecting land, water, air, and others.

In the end, after knowing what the future of the planet is, and what things will negatively affect it, man must be careful to preserve the environment in order to avoid disasters.

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